On This Day

What Happened in August 1814

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 Dutch King Willem I accepts blame in Southern defeat

Historic Event

Aug 7 Pope Pius VII reinstates the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)

  • Aug 8 Peace negotiations begin in Ghent, Belgium
  • Aug 13 Anglo-Dutch Treaty: Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to the British and transporting of slaves prohibited
  • Aug 24 British forces capture Washington, D.C. and destroy many landmarks (War of 1812)
  • Aug 25 British forces destroy Library of Congress, containing 3,000 books (War of 1812)

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Ivan Gagarin, Russian Jesuit and founding editor of Études, born in Moscow (d. 1882)
  • Aug 1 Maxcy Gregg, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1862)
  • Aug 8 Esther Morris [Esther Hobart McQuigg], American suffragist, anti-slavery activist, and 1st female justice of the peace in the US, born in Tioga County, New York (d. 1902)
  • Aug 10 Jacob Edvard Gille, composer
  • Aug 10 John Clifford Pemberton, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1881)
  • Aug 10 William Lowndes Yancey, MC (Confederacy), (d. 1863)

Henri Nestlé

Aug 10 Henri Nestlé, German-Swiss industrialist (founder of Nestlé), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1890)

  • Aug 13 Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (Spectroscopy), born in Lögdö, Medelpad, Sweden (d. 1874)
  • Aug 14 Henry Hayes Lockwood, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kent County, Delaware (d. 1899)
  • Aug 23 James Roosevelt Bayley, first Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, and the eighth Archbishop of Baltimore, born in NYC, New York (d. 1877)
  • Aug 28 Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish writer (The House by the Churchyard), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1873)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 21 Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (Royal Institution of Great Britain), dies at 61

Arthur Phillip

Aug 31 Arthur Phillip, British admiral, 1st Governor of New South Wales (1788-92), dies at 75