What Happened in December 1814

Historical Events

  • Dec 14 The Battle of Lake Borgne in Louisiana: British victory over the United States
  • Dec 22 Samuel Marsden of the Church Missionary Society arrives in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand to establish the country's first mission station; Sheep, cattle, horses and poultry are introduced

Treaty of Ghent

Dec 24 Treaty of Ghent signed, ending the War of 1812 between the United States, the United Kingdom and their allies

  • Dec 25 Reverend Samuel Marsden of the Church Missionary Society holds the first Christian service in New Zealand on land, at Rangihoua
  • Dec 27 Destruction of schooner Carolina, the last of Commodore Daniel Patterson's makeshift fleet that fought a series of delaying actions that contributed to Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of New Orleans.

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 August Rockel, German composer, born in Graz (d. 1876)
  • Dec 6 Juan Prim, Spanish general and politician (Prime Minister, 1869-70), born in Reus, Catalonia (d. 1870)

Edwin Stanton

Dec 19 Edwin Stanton, US Secretary of War during most of the American Civil War (1861-65) and US Attorney General (1860-61), born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 1869)

  • Dec 25 Jan de Liefde II, Dutch vicar/founder (Coop of Welfare of the People)
  • Dec 27 James Henry Carleton, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Lubec, Maine (d. 1873)

Famous Deaths

Marquis de Sade

Dec 2 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine) and where the words sadism and sadist are derived from, dies at 74

  • Dec 9 Jose Angel Lamas, Venezuelan composer, dies at 39
  • Dec 13 Charles Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, Belgium fieldmarshal and author, dies at 79
  • Dec 19 Joseph Bramah, Inventor and Locksmith, notably invented the beer pump