On This Day

What Happened in July 1814

Historical Events

  • Jul 3 Americans capture Fort Erie, Canada (War of 1812)
  • Jul 5 Americans defeat British and Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
  • Jul 7 Walter Scott's novel "Waverley" published

Historic Publication

Jul 17 Matthew Flinders publishes "A Voyage to Terra Australis", detailing his circumnavigation of Australia, first to name the continent Australia. He dies a day later. [1]

  • Jul 18 British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisconsin)
  • Jul 25 Battle of Niagara Falls (Lundy's Lane); Americans defeat British

Historic Event

Jul 25 English engineer George Stephenson introduces his first steam locomotive, a travelling engine designed for hauling coal on the Killingworth wagonway named Blücher


Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 2 Thérèse Wartel, French pianist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1865)
  • Jul 3 Janis Cimze, Latvian composer, Father of Latvian choir music, born in Rauna parish, Russian Empire (d. 1881)
  • Jul 6 Justus McKinstry, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1897)

Samuel Colt

Jul 19 Samuel Colt, American inventor and industrialist (Colt 6 shot revolver), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1862)


Famous Weddings

Charles Babbage

Jul 25 Inventor Charles Babbage (21) weds Georgina Whitmore at St. Michael's Church in Devon, England

Famous Deaths

William Howe

Jul 12 William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, British Military Leader (commander of British forces in the American Revolutionary War), dies at 84

Matthew Flinders

Jul 18 Matthew Flinders, English explorer, Navigator and cartographer who was 1st to circumnavigate Australia, dies from kidney disease at 40 [1]

  • Jul 25 Charles Dibdin, British composer, author (Sea Songs), and actor, dies at 69