What Happened in March 1814

Historical Events

Victory in Battle

Mar 7 Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne against combined Russian and Prussian force in northern France

  • Mar 20 Prince Willem Frederik becomes monarch of Netherlands
  • Mar 25 Netherlands Bank established

Victory in Battle

Mar 27 Battle at Horseshoe Bend: General Andrew Jackson defeats the Red Sticks, part of the Creek Indian tribe near Dadeville, Alabama

  • Mar 30 Joachim Murat issues the Rimini Declaration which would later inspire Italian Unification
  • Mar 30 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon
  • Mar 31 Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 3 Charles Kensington Salaman, British pianist and synagogue music composer, born in London, England (d. 1901)
  • Mar 5 Wilhelm von Giesebrecht, German historian (d. 1889)
  • Mar 8 Ede Szigligeti [József Szathmáry], Hungarian dramatist, born in Nagyvárad-Olaszi (d. 1878)
  • Mar 9 Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian national poet and painter, born in Moryntsi, Ukraine (d. 1861) [NS]
  • Mar 16 Jules Eugene Abraham Alary, composer
  • Mar 22 Thomas Crawford, US sculptor (Babes in the Wood)
  • Mar 24 Galen Clark, American naturalist/discovered Mariposa Grove

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 26 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, dies of natural causes at 75