On This Day

What Happened in April 1815

Historical Events


Volcanic EruptionEruption of Mount Tambora

Apr 5 Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies, has its first violent eruption after several centuries of dormancy

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The massive Tambora volcano eruption
The massive Tambora volcano eruption
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  • Apr 6 British militia shoots prisoners, 100's killed
  • Apr 10 Austria declares war on Kingdom of Naples
  • Apr 10 Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies experiences a cataclysmic eruption, one of the most powerful in history, killing around 71,000 people, causes global volcanic winter

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestOtto von Bismarck

Apr 1 Otto von Bismarck, German chancellor (1866-90) who helped unify Germany, born in Schönhausen, Prussia (d. 1898)

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • Apr 6 Friedrich Robert Volkmann, German composer, born in Lommatzsch, Saxony (d. 1883)
  • Apr 11 Clara Fey, German Roman Catholic Nun and the founder of the Sisters of the Poor Child Jesus, born in Aachen, Prussia (d. 1894)
  • Apr 12 Henry Hugo Pierson, English composer, born in Oxford (d. 1873)
  • Apr 24 Anthony Trollope, English novelist and poet (Barchester Towers), born in London (d. 1882)
  • Apr 24 James E. Harrison, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Greenville District, South Carolina (d. 1875)
  • Apr 28 Andrew Jackson Smith, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livingston County, Kentucky (d. 1897)
  • Apr 29 Abram Duryée, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1890)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 21 Joseph Winston, U.S. Congressman from North Carolina (b. 1746)