On This Day

What Happened in April 1818

Historical Events

  • Apr 4 Congress decides on the US flag: 13 red & white stripes & 20 stars

Victory in Battle

Apr 5 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

Victory in Battle

Apr 7 General Andrew Jackson conquers Spanish Fort San Marcos (St Marks), in Spanish Florida during his pursuit of the Native American Seminole Tribe, in what would become known as the First Seminole War

  • Apr 14 US Medical Corps forms
  • Apr 16 Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)

Historic Event

Apr 20 Napoleon Bonaparte bids emotional farewell to his old guard at Palace of Fontainebleau

  • Apr 21 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna

Historic Event

Apr 28 US President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain


Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 4 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), born in Ballyroney, County Down, Ireland (d. 1883)
  • Apr 5 Lewis Baldwin Parsons, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Perry, New York (d. 1907)
  • Apr 6 Francis Henry Brown, composer
  • Apr 6 Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Norwegian poet (d. 1870)
  • Apr 8 Christian IX, King of Denmark (1863-1906), born in Gottorf Castle, Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1906)
  • Apr 14 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, Queen of Hanover, born in Hildburghausen, Saxe-Hildburghausen (d. 1907)
  • Apr 20 Heinrich Göbel, German-born mechanic and inventor, born in Springe, Germany (d. 1893)
  • Apr 22 Cadwallader Colden Washburn, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livermore, Maine (d. 1882)
  • Apr 23 James Anthony Froude, English historian and novelist (The Nemesis of Faith), born in Dartington Rectory, Devon (d. 1894)
  • Apr 23 John Gill Shorter, American politician (17th Governor of Alabama), born in Monticello, Georgia (d. 1872)
  • Apr 25 Marek Konrad Sokolowski, Polish guitarist and composer, born in Zhytomyr, Ukraine (d. 1883)

Alexander II

Apr 29 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia (1855-81), born in the Moscow Kremlin in Russia (d. 1881)


Famous Deaths

  • Apr 18 Quint Ondaatje, Dutch jurist & politician, dies at 59