What Happened in August 1819

Historical Events

  • Aug 2 1st parachute jump in US by Frenchman Louis-Charles Guille over Jersey City
  • Aug 6 Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States
  • Aug 7 Battle of Boyacá; Bolívar defeats Spanish in Colombia
  • Aug 16 Peterloo Massacre, Manchester, England: cavalry charges demonstrators, 15 people killed and 400–700 injured
  • Aug 17 The Church Missionary Society establishes New Zealand's second mission station at Kerikeri

Historic Event

Aug 25 Paris Salon opens with Théodore Géricault’s painting "Raft of the Medusa" causing a sensation


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Famous Birthdays

Herman Melville

Aug 1 Herman Melville, American author (Moby-Dick, Billy Budd), born in NYC, New York (d. 1891)

  • Aug 6 Samuel Powhatan Carter, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Elizabethton, Tennessee (d. 1891)
  • Aug 8 Charles Anderson Dana, Asst Secy War, (Union) (d. 1897)
  • Aug 9 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1880)
  • Aug 9 William T. G. Morton, American dentist who first used ether as a surgical anaesthetic (HOF 1920), born in Charlton, Massachusetts (d. 1868)
  • Aug 12 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1864)
  • Aug 13 George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist and mathematician (spectroscope), born in Skreen, County Sligo, Ireland (d. 1903)
  • Aug 17 James Henry Van Alen, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kinderhook, New York (d. 1886)
  • Aug 18 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, Duchess of Leuchtenberg, born in Peterhof Palace, Russia (d. 1876)
  • Aug 25 Allan Pinkerton, American private detective and founder of Chicago detective agency, born in Glasgow (d. 1894)
  • Aug 26 Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince Consort of British queen Victoria, born at Schloss Rosenau, nr Coburg, Germany (d. 1861)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 23 Oliver Hazard Perry, American naval hero (Battle of Lake Erie),, dies on 34th birthday

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