What Happened in February 1819

Historical Events

Historic Event

Feb 6 Stamford Raffles founds Singapore as a British trading port

Historic Discovery

Feb 19 British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III

  • Feb 22 The Adams–Onís Treaty between Spain and the United States is signed, ceding Florida to the US and defining the boundary between the US and New Spain

Music Premiere

Feb 28 1st public performance of a Franz Schubert's song "Schäfers Klageleid"


Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Henry Lawrence Eustis, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1885)

Emperor Norton

Feb 4 Emperor Norton [Joshua Abraham Norton], British born self proclaimed "Norton I, Emperor of the United States", born in London, England (d. 1880)

  • Feb 8 John Ruskin, English writer and art critic who championed Gothic Revivalist and the Pre-Raphaelites, born in London, England (d. 1900)
  • Feb 10 Richard Storrs Willis, American composer, mostly of hymns ("Carol"; "Fairest Lord Jesus"), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • Feb 11 Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, composer
  • Feb 14 James Green Martin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina (d. 1878)

Christopher Latham Sholes

Feb 14 Christopher Latham Sholes, American newspaper man, politician and inventor of the typewriter, born in Mooresburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1890)

  • Feb 18 Joseph Philbrick Webster, composer
  • Feb 19 Mark Prager Lindo, English Dutch writer, born in London, England (d. 1877)
  • Feb 20 Alfred Escher, Swiss politician, railroad entrepreneur (d. 1882)
  • Feb 22 Bernardo Calvo Puig, composer
  • Feb 22 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat/abolitionist