On This Day

What Happened in July 1821

Historical Events

  • Jul 28 Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 6 Edward Pettus, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Athens, Alabama (d. 1907)
  • Jul 8 Jozef Lies, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1865)
  • Jul 8 William Harvey Lamb Wallace, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Urbana, Ohio (d. 1862)
  • Jul 10 Christopher Columbus Augur, American Major General (Union Army), born in Kendall, New York (d. 1898)
  • Jul 12 Cesare Dominiceti, Italian composer, born in Desenzano del Garda, Italy (d. 1888)
  • Jul 12 Daniel Harvey Hill, Confederate General (American Civil War), born in York District, South Carolina (d. 1889)

Nathan Bedford Forrest

Jul 13 Nathan Bedford Forrest, American slave trader, Confederate lieutenant general and KKK Grand Wizard, born in Chapel Hill, Tennessee (d. 1877)

Mary Baker Eddy

Jul 16 Mary Baker Eddy, American founder of the religious movement, Christian Science (Science & Health), born in Bow, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

  • Jul 18 Pauline Viardot, French pianist, mezzo-soprano, and composer (Cendrillon), born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • Jul 21 Vasile Alecsandri, Romanian foreign minister, diplomat and poet, born in Bacau, Moldova (d. 1890)

Bill the Butcher

Jul 24 William Poole, American gang member (New York City's Bowery Boys), born in Sussex County, New Jersey (d. 1855)


Famous Deaths

  • Jul 4 Richard Cosway, English portrait painter, dies at 78
  • Jul 9 Tommaso Sogner, Italian composer, dies at 58
  • Jul 21 Maurice J M prince de Broglie, bishop of Ghent, dies at about 55