On This Day

What Happened in March 1824

Historical Events

  • Mar 2 Interstate commerce comes under federal control
  • Mar 4 The "National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck" founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.
  • Mar 5 First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma
  • Mar 7 Giacomo Meyerbeers opera "Il Crociati in Egitto" (The Crusader in Egypt) premieres at La Fenice in Venice with famous castrato Giovanni Battista Velluti singing
  • Mar 11 US War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Mar 17 Britain & Netherlands sign a trade agreement
  • Mar 21 Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses

Music Premiere

Mar 24 1st performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's "Missa Solemnis" in St. Petersburg


Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 2 [Friedrich] Bedřich Smetana, Czech composer (The Bartered Bride; Má Vlast; Moldau), born in Litomyšl, Bohemia (d. 1884)
  • Mar 2 Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, credited as the founder of scientific pedagogy in Russia
  • Mar 2 Henry Beebee Carrington, American lawyer, professor, prolific author, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Wallingford, Connecticut (d. 1912)
  • Mar 5 Elisha Harris, American physician/found American Public Health Assoc
  • Mar 5 James Merritt Ives, American lithographer and businessman (Currier and Ives), born in NYC, New York (d. 1895)

Leland Stanford

Mar 9 Leland Stanford, American business tycoon (Southern Pacific Railroad), 8th Governor of California and founder of Stanford University, born in Watervliet, New York (d. 1893)

  • Mar 10 Thomas James Churchill, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1905)
  • Mar 12 Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy, coined "black body" radiation), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1887)
  • Mar 15 Branko Radicevic, Serbian poet (1st Serbian Uprising)
  • Mar 15 Jules Chevalier, French Roman Catholic priest (Missionaries of the Sacred Heart, Daughters of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart), born in Richelieu, Touraine, France (d. 1907)
  • Mar 22 William Henry Chase Whiting, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Biloxi, Mississippi (d. 1865)
  • Mar 25 Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (Rep-(R)-NY) (d. 1900)
  • Mar 29 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1899)
  • Mar 30 Innis Newton Palmer, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1900)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 3 Giovanni Battista Viotti, Italian violinist and composer, dies at 70
  • Mar 9 Jacobus J Cramer, priest of Holland/Zealand/Friesland, dies at 79
  • Mar 12 Heinrich Carl Ebell, composer, dies at 48
  • Mar 22 Johann Melchior Dreyer, German composer, dies at 76