On This Day

What Happened in October 1825

Historical Events

  • Oct 7 Miramichi Fire - forest fire disaster in New Brunswick

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Oct 17 1st opera by Franz Liszt, "Don Sanche" premieres in Paris

Composer & Pianist Franz Liszt
Composer & Pianist
Franz Liszt
  • Oct 26 Erie Canal between Hudson River & Lake Erie opens

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Raleigh Edward Colston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Paris (d. 1896)
  • Oct 9 Adolphe Nibelle, French composer (Le Loup-Garou (The Werewolf)), born in Gien, France (d. 1895)

Person of interestPaul Kruger

Oct 10 Paul Kruger, 3rd President of South African Republic (1883-1900) and face of Boer resistance during the Second Boer War, born in Steynsburg, Cape Colony (d. 1904)

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger
  • Oct 11 Conrad Ferdinand Meyer, Swiss writer, born in Z├╝rich (d. 1898)
  • Oct 11 Elkanah Brackin Greer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Paris, Tennessee (d. 1877)
  • Oct 15 Marie of Prussia, Queen consort of Bavaria (1848-64), born in Berlin City Palace, Prussia (d. 1889)
  • Oct 16 Thomas Turpin Crittenden, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1905)
  • Oct 25 Johann Baptist Strauss Jr., Austrian composer (Waltz King), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1899)
  • Oct 31 Charles Lavigerie, French Catholic cardinal, born in Bayonne, France (d. 1892)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 10 Dmitry Stepanovich Bortniansky, Russian-Ukrainian harpsichordist and composer (Tantum Ergo), dies at 73
  • Oct 13 Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria, dies at 69
  • Oct 17 Peter Winter, German composer, dies at 71