On This Day

What Happened in January 1831

Historical Events

Historic Publication

Jan 1 William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal, "The Liberator"; publication continued until the 13th Amendment abolished slavery in 1865

  • Jan 1 Slave plantation owner Charles Farquharson begins his diary at Prospect Hill Plantation, Watlings Island (San Salvador). Only plantation diary to survive from the Bahamas (ends Dec 1832). [1]
  • Jan 2 Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
  • Jan 3 1st US building & loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
  • Jan 15 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
  • Jan 15 1st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr & Mrs Pierson, Charleston, South Carolina

Historic Event

Jan 22 Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam at Christ's College, Cambridge, coming tenth out of 171 candidates


Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 William Joseph Westbrook, British composer (d. 1894)
  • Jan 2 Justin Winston, historian/librarian (Harvard)
  • Jan 7 Heinrich von Stephan, German Director of the Post service who introduced the telephone to Germany, born in Stolp, Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia
  • Jan 11 James Ronald Chalmers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Halifax County, Virginia (d. 1898)
  • Jan 14 John Bullock Clark Jr., American general (Confederate Army), born in Fayette, Missouri (d. 1903)
  • Jan 17 Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (d. 1903)
  • Jan 18 Edward Ferrero, American ballroom operator and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Granada, Spain (d. 1899)
  • Jan 20 Piet Joubert, South African general and vice-president, born in Prince Albert, British Cape Colony (d. 1900)
  • Jan 26 Mary Mapes Dodge, American writer (Hans Brinker & the Silver Skates), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 28 Henry Brevard Davidson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 4 Nikola P Neofit Rilski, Bulgaria abbot/poet, dies at 37
  • Jan 6 Rodolphe Kreutzer, French composer (La mort d'Abel) and virtuoso violinist, dies at 64
  • Jan 8 Franz Krommer, Czech composer, dies at 71
  • Jan 21 Achim v Arnim, writer, dies at 49
  • Jan 26 Sangolli Rayanna, Indian military chief warrior, dies at 32