On This Day

What Happened in July 1831

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
  • Jul 4 "America (My Country 'Tis of Thee)", with lyric by Samuel Francis Smith, has 1st public performance at Park Street Church in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Jul 21 Belgium gains independence from Netherlands, Leopold I made king

Famous Birthdays

John Pemberton

Jul 8 John Pemberton, American pharmacist (inventor of Coca-Cola), born in Knoxville, Georgia (d. 1888)

  • Jul 9 Johan Philip van der Kellen, Dutch stamp cutter, lithographer and writer, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1906)
  • Jul 14 William Dwight, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • Jul 17 Xianfeng, Emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, born in Old Summer Palace, Beijing, Qing dynasty, China (d. 1861)
  • Jul 30 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), born in Yekaterinoslav, Ukraine (d. 1891)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 16 Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (b. 1763)
  • Jul 18 Thomas Greatorex, English composer, dies at 72
  • Jul 21 Emil Aarestrup, Danish physician and poet (Ritornellen), dies at 55
  • Jul 24 Maria Szymanowska, Polish pianist and composer, dies of cholera at 41