On This Day

What Happened in July 1837

Historical Events

  • Jul 4 Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 13 Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria

TrainOpening of Euston Station

Jul 20 Euston railway station opens in London as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR), the city's 1st intercity railway station
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An early print of Euston station showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
An early print of Euston station showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
  • Jul 25 The first commercial use of an electric telegraph successfully demonstrated by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone between Euston and Camden Town in London
  • Jul 27 US Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 6 Władysław Żeleński, Polish organist and composer, born in Grodkowice (d. 1921)
  • Jul 11 Paul Lacombe, French composer, born in Carcassonne, France (d. 1927)
  • Jul 15 Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, queen of Portugal (d. 1859)
  • Jul 18 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary, born in Karlovo, Rumelia, Bulgaria (d. 1873)
  • Jul 20 Hans Sommer, German theatre composer, born in Brunswick (d. 1922)
  • Jul 28 Christian Barnekow, Danish composer, born in Luz-Saint-Sauveur, France (d. 1913)
  • Jul 30 Elon John Farnsworth, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Green Oak, Michigan (d. 1863)
  • Jul 31 William Quantrill, American guerrilla leader in the Confederate Army, born in Canal Dover, Ohio (d. 1865)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 24 Charles Hodges, English/Dutch portrait painter
  • Jul 28 John Ross, British composer and organist, dies at 73