On This Day

What Happened in July 1839

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey
  • Jul 2 Slaves aboard a Spanish schooner La Amistad revolt to secure their freedom while being transported from one Cuban port to another
  • Jul 3 1st state normal school in US opens, Lexington, Massachusetts, with 3 students
  • Jul 27 Chartist riots break out in Birmingham, England

Famous Birthdays

John D. Rockefeller

Jul 8 John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and founder of Standard Oil, born in Richford, New York (d. 1937)

  • Jul 9 Carl Baermann, German composer, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1913)
  • Jul 10 Adolphus Busch, German-born American brewer (Anheuser-Busch), born in Mainz, Hesse, Germany (d. 1913)
  • Jul 14 (Edward) Sydney Smith, British pianist and composer, born in Dorchester, England (d. 1889)
  • Jul 16 Philippus Jacobus Hoedemaker, Dutch theologist, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1910)
  • Jul 17 Friedrich Gernsheim, German composer, born in Worms, Germany (d. 1916)
  • Jul 17 Ephraim Shay, American inventor of Shay type of geared steam locomotive, born in Huron, Ohio (d. 1916)
  • Jul 25 Francis Garnier, French explorer, born in Saint-√Čtienne, France (d. 1873)

Famous Weddings

William Gladstone

Jul 25 British PM William Gladstone (29) weds Catherine Glynne (27) in England

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 1 Mahmud II, Sultan of Turkey (1808-39), dies at 53
  • Jul 10 Fernando Sor, Spanish classical guitarist, and composer (Twelve Studies), dies at 61
  • Jul 15 Winthrop Mackworth Praed, English politician and poet, dies at 36
  • Jul 29 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (b. 1755)