On This Day

What Happened in September 1839

Historical Events

  • Sep 2 Salon of Varietes opens in Amsterdam
  • Sep 5 The First Opium War begins in China

USATrail of Tears

Sep 6 Cherokee Nation unites and ratifies constitution at Tahlequah, Oklahoma

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The Trail of Tears, painting by Robert Lindneux, 1942
The Trail of Tears, painting by Robert Lindneux, 1942
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  • Sep 6 Great fire in New York
  • Sep 9 English scientist and astronomer John Herschel takes 1st glass plate photograph
  • Sep 11 1st Canadian track & field meet held (Caer Howell Grounds)
  • Sep 20 1st railroad in Netherland opens (Amsterdam-Haarlem)

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 2 Henry George, land reformer/writer (Progress & Poverty)
  • Sep 10 Isaac Kauffman Funk, American publisher (Funk & Wagnalls), born in Clifton, Ohio (d. 1912)
  • Sep 10 Charles Peirce, American scientist and philosopher known as "the father of pragmatism", born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1914)
  • Sep 17 Ira Erastus Davenport, American magician, claimed to be a spirit medium, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1911)
  • Sep 25 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), born in Bahlingen, Germany (d. 1904)
  • Sep 25 Mina Kruseman, Dutch writer and feminist, born in Velp, Netherlands (d. 1922)
  • Sep 28 Frances Willard, American educator and founder (Woman's Christian Temperance Union), born in Churchville, New York (d. 1898)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 10 Pieter Fontijn, Dutch painter, dies at 66
  • Sep 20 Jose Gaspar de Francia, dictator of Paraguay (1816-39), dies at 74
  • Sep 21 Jacob Gottfried Weber, German composer, dies at 60