On This Day

What Happened in March 1842

Historical Events

  • Mar 2 4th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard 7/1 Gaylad wins by 4 lengths from Seventy Four
  • Mar 3 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)

Music Premiere

Mar 3 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony in Leipzig Gewandhaus

  • Mar 5 Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.

Music Premiere

Mar 9 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Nabucco" premieres in Milan

  • Mar 17 Treaty of 1842: Wyandotte (Huron) Indian nation cedes 114,000 acres of land in Ohio and Michigan to US, in exchange for 148,000 acres west of the Mississippi
  • Mar 30 Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Georgia)

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Nicholaos Gysis, Greek painter (d. 1901)
  • Mar 2 Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer (d. 1914)
  • Mar 10 Ina Coolbrith, American poet laureate of California (1st poet laureate of any US state), born in Nauvoo, Illinois (d. 1928)
  • Mar 18 Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
  • Mar 22 Carl Rosa, German violinist and composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1889)
  • Mar 22 Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (Taras Bulba), conductor and ethno-musicologist, born in Hrynky, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1912)
  • Mar 30 John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green], American historian/philosopher

Famous Weddings

Giuseppe Garibaldi

Mar 26 Italian general Giuseppe Garibaldi (34) weds Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro (20) in Montevideo

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 4 James Forten, African-American abolitionist and businessman who used his wealth to push for civil rights and the abolition of slavery, dies at 75
  • Mar 6 Constanze Mozart, wife of W.A. Mozart (b. 1763)
  • Mar 7 Christian Theodor Weinlig, German composer, dies at 61
  • Mar 13 Henry Shrapnel, English Army officer and inventor (created the shrapnel shell), dies at 80
  • Mar 15 Maria Luigi C Z S Cherubini, Italian composer (Dies Irae), dies at 81
  • Mar 23 Stendhal [Marie-Henri Beyle], French author (Le Rouge et de Noir, a Chartreuse de Parme), dies at 59
  • Mar 30 Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, French painter (b. 1755)