On This Day

What Happened in August 1844

Historical Events

Historic Event

Aug 8 Brigham Young chosen as head of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints following the death of Joseph Smith

  • Aug 29 1st white-indian lacrosse game in Montreal, Indians win

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 6 Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, born in Windsor Castle, Windsor, England (d. 1900)
  • Aug 7 Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist and petrologist, born in Paris (d. 1911)

Menelik II

Aug 17 Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia (1889-1913) and Negus/King of Shewa (1866–89), born in Angolalla, Ethiopia (d. 1913)

  • Aug 22 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer whose disastrous expedition provided evidence to support the theory of trans-Arctic oceanic drift, born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 29 Edward Carpenter, English poet and philosopher (Civilisation, Its Cause and Cure), born in Hove, Sussex, England (d. 1929)
  • Aug 30 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1904)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 4 Jakob Aall, Norwegian journalist and statesman, dies at 71
  • Aug 10 Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia, youngest daughter and fourth child of Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia, dies at 19
  • Aug 11 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63
  • Aug 14 Henry Francis Cary, translator (Dante), dies
  • Aug 29 Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (b. 1762)
  • Aug 30 Francis Baily, English astronomer and describer of "Baily's Beads" during solar eclipse, dies at 70