On This Day

What Happened in July 1844

Historical Events

  • Jul 3 The last pair of Great Auks is killed.
  • Jul 27 Fire destroys US mint at Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Jul 30 1st US yacht club - NY Yacht Club organized by John Cox Stevens and 8 friends aboard the Gimcrack

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Verney Lovett Cameron, English explorer (Tanganyika), born in Radipole, Dorset, England (d. 1894)
  • Jul 8 Mary Johnson Lincoln, educator (Boston Cooking School)
  • Jul 11 Peter I Karadjordjevic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1903-21), born in Belgrade, Ottoman Tributary Principality of Serbia (d. 1921)
  • Jul 22 William Archibald Spooner, English Oxford Don and reverend and inventor (spoonerisms), born in London, England (d. 1930)

Person of interestThomas Eakins

Jul 25 Thomas Eakins, American artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins
  • Jul 28 Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet (Windhover), born in Stratford, London (d. 1889)
  • Jul 31 Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist and archaeologist, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1935)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 11 Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (b. 1800)
  • Jul 12 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher, dies at 63
  • Jul 13 Johann Baptist Gansbacher, Austrian composer, dies at 66
  • Jul 15 Claude Charles Fauriel, French historian (b. 1772)
  • Jul 19 Heinrich Domnich, German hornist and composer, dies at 77
  • Jul 23 Christian Gobrecht, 4th US chief engraver (1840-44), dies in office

Person of interestJohn Dalton

Jul 27 John Dalton, English physicist and chemist who developed the atomic theory of matter and researched colour blindness, dies at 77

Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist John Dalton
Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist
John Dalton
  • Jul 28 Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon I and King of Naples and Spain (b. 1768)
  • Jul 29 Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Austrian composer and 6th child of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, dies at 53