On This Day

What Happened in October 1844

Historical Events

Historic Expedition

Oct 1 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt departs Jimbour, the farthest outpost of settlement on the Queensland Darling Downs, to begin his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory from Moreton Bay to Port Essington

  • Oct 22 Millerite Adventists wait for appearance of Jesus

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 3 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), born in Oldmeldrum, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 1922)
  • Oct 5 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State, born in Swellendam, Cape Colony (d. 1934)

Henry John Heinz

Oct 11 Henry John Heinz, German-American entrepreneur who founded prepared-foods company (H.J. Heinz Company-57 varieties), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1919)

  • Oct 12 George W. Cable, American writer (Northampton Years), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1925)

Friedrich Nietzsche

Oct 15 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

  • Oct 17 Miguel Nieto, Spanish composer, born in Reus, Spain (d. 1915)
  • Oct 18 Emille-Louis-Victor Mathieu, composer
  • Oct 18 Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist known for leadership in the passage of the landmark Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, born in Kent, Indiana (d. 1930)

Sarah Bernhardt

Oct 22 Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (Camille, Queen Elizabeth), born in Paris, France (d. 1923) (birth poss 23rd Oct)

Louis Riel

Oct 22 Louis Riel, Canadian politician, founder of the province of Manitoba and leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies, born in Red River Colony, Rupert's Land, British North America (d. 1885)

  • Oct 23 Robert Bridges, English poet (Testament of beauty) and British Poet Laureate (1913-30), born in Walmer, Kent (d. 1930)
  • Oct 24 Karl Lueger, Austrian politician, cofounder and leader of the Austrian Christian Social Party, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1910)
  • Oct 27 Klas Arnoldson, Swedish politician and pacifist (Nobel Peace 1908), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1916)
  • Oct 29 Albert Salomon Anselm von Rothschild, Austrian banker and member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1911)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 12 Claude Tillier, French journalist and writer (My Uncle Benjamin), dies at 43