On This Day

What Happened in March 1845

Historical Events

Historic Event

Mar 1 US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

  • Mar 3 For the first time the US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
  • Mar 3 Florida becomes 27th state of the Union

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th US President

  • Mar 5 7th Grand National: William Loft aboard outsider Cure-All wins in record time of 10 minutes, 47 seconds

Treaty of Waitangi

Mar 11 The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.

  • Mar 14 -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen, Netherlands
  • Mar 17 Bristol man Henry Jones patents self-raising flour
  • Mar 17 Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • Mar 26 Joseph Francis from NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • Mar 26 Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precursor of band-aid
  • Mar 28 Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 3 Georg Cantor, German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)
  • Mar 5 Alphonse Hasselmans, Belgian-French harpist, composer (La Source), and educator (Paris Conservatoire, 1884-1912), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1912)
  • Mar 7 Daniel David Palmer, Canadian founder of chiropractic (1897 Palmer School of Chiropractic), born in Port Perry, Canada West (d. 1913)
  • Mar 19 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/politician

Wilhelm Röntgen

Mar 27 Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist who discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901), born in Lennep, Rhine Province (d. 1923)


Famous Deaths

  • Mar 18 Johnny Appleseed [John Chapman], American pioneer nurseryman (introduced apple trees to Pennsylvania, Ontario, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois), dies at 70
  • Mar 19 George Augustus Kollmann, composer, dies at 56
  • Mar 22 Franz Joseph Volkert, Austrian composer and organist, dies at 67