On This Day

What Happened in October 1845

Historical Events

  • Oct 9 Eminent and controversial Anglican priest John Henry Newman leaves Anglican Curch of England and is received into the Roman Catholic Church
  • Oct 10 Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
  • Oct 13 Texas ratifies a state constitution

Music Premiere

Oct 19 Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser" premieres in Dresden


Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 12 Amintore Galli, Italian composer, born in Perticara, Italy (d. 1919)
  • Oct 17 Franz Ehrle, German prefect of Vatican library
  • Oct 26 Hendrik Waelput, Flemish composer and conductor (Forest, Stella), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1885)
  • Oct 28 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist, born in Grodno, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • Oct 30 Gustav Weber, Swiss organist, choral conductor, and composer, born in Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland (d. 1887)

Famous Deaths

Elizabeth Fry

Oct 12 Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister, dies of a stroke at 65

  • Oct 18 Jean-Dominique, comte de Cassini, French astronomer, dies at 97
  • Oct 25 Carel H Verhuell, Dutch/French vice-admiral, dies at 81
  • Oct 27 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834), dies at 60