On This Day

What Happened in March 1847

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • Mar 3 US Post Office Department is authorized to issue postage stamps
  • Mar 3 9th Grand National: Denny Wynne wins aboard 10/1 Mathew; regarded as the first Irish-trained horse to win the race
  • Mar 7 US General Scott occupies Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • Mar 10 1st money minted in Hawaii

Music Premiere

Mar 14 Premiere of Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Macbeth" at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence

  • Mar 18 1st Dutch public telegram
  • Mar 25 Pope Pius issues IX encyclical "On aid for Ireland"
  • Mar 29 12,000 US troops capture Vera Cruz, Mexico

Famous Birthdays

Alexander Graham Bell

Mar 3 Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born British-American inventor (telephone), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1922)

  • Mar 4 Carl Josef Bayer, Austrian chemist (invented Beyer Process to produce aluminium), born in the Duchy of Upper and Lower Silesia (now Poland) (d. 1904)
  • Mar 8 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, born in Stollberg / Erzgeb (d. 1931)

Kate Sheppard

Mar 10 Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1934)

  • Mar 14 Antonio de Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (Espumas Flutuantes), born in Muritiba, Brazil (d. 1871)
  • Mar 19 Constantin Dimitrescu, Romanian composer (Dans ţănănesc), born in Blejoi, Romania (d. 1928)
  • Mar 20 Gavriil Musicescu, Romainian composer, born in Izmail, Bessarabia Governorate, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1903)
  • Mar 23 Alexandru D Xenopol, Romania, historian
  • Mar 27 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1931)
  • Mar 31 Jarolslaw Zielinski, composer
  • Mar 31 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 9 Mary Anning, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis in Dorset), dies of breast cancer at 47
  • Mar 28 Mariano Rodríguez de Ledesma, Spanish composer, dies at 67
  • Mar 29 Auguste De Polignac, Premier of France, dies at 66