On This Day

What Happened in April 1848

Historical Events

  • Apr 3 Thomas Douglas becomes 1st public teacher in San Francisco

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Apr 3 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River in Australia

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Apr 6 Jews of Prussia granted equality
  • Apr 8 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • Apr 8 Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • Apr 11 Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under King Ferdinand of Austria
  • Apr 18 American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 26 Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Apr 28 Slavery abolished in French colonies

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 7 Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1930)
  • Apr 9 Francis MacKinnon, English cricketer (later the 35th Mackinnon of Mackinnon), born in Paddington, London (d. 1947)
  • Apr 9 Helene Lange, German feminist (honoured with the Grand Prussian State Medal), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1930)
  • Apr 12 José Gautier Benítez, Puerto Rican poet, born in Caguas, Puerto Rico (d. 1880)
  • Apr 16 Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian social reformer from Andhra Pradesh, born in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
  • Apr 27 Otto I of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1886-1913), born in The Residence, Munich (d. 1916)
  • Apr 28 Ludvig Schytte, Danish composer, born in Aarhus, Denmark (d. 1909)
  • Apr 29 Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, born in Kilimanoor, Travancore (d. 1906)

Famous Weddings

  • Apr 10 British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).

Famous Deaths


Person of interestLudwig Leichhardt

Apr 4 Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer of northern and central Australia, dies on an expedition at 34

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Apr 8 Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti, Italian composer, dies at 50
  • Apr 10 Godert van der Capellen, Dutch governor-general (Dutch-Indies), dies at 69
  • Apr 24 Francois van Campenhout, Belgian composer (Brabanconne), dies at 69
  • Apr 30 Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German Dutch army commandant, dies at 53