On This Day

What Happened in December 1849

Historical Events

Historic Event

Dec 6 Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland for the 2nd and final time

Music Premiere

Dec 8 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples

  • Dec 14 1st chamber music group in US gives their 1st concert in Boston
  • Dec 18 William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope
  • Dec 21 1st US skating club formed (Philadelphia)

Historic Event

Dec 22 The execution of Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky by firing squad is called off at the last second

  • Dec 24 First great fire of early San Francisco starts east side of the Plaza, first of great seven fires in 2 years
  • Dec 28 M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine & oil on his clothing & sees cleaning effect

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 6 August von Mackensen, German field marshal, born in Haus Leipnitz, Kingdom of Prussia, German Confederation (d. 1945)
  • Dec 11 Ellen Key, Swedish author and feminist (Courageous Woman), born in Gladhammar Parish, Västervik Municipality, Sweden (d. 1926)
  • Dec 19 Henry Clay Frick, Penn, built world's largest coke & steel operation
  • Dec 21 James Lane Allen, American writer (Kentucky Cardinal), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1925)
  • Dec 26 Samuel "Sam" van Beem, Flemish actor (Fanfan la Tulipe), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1912)
  • Dec 28 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto of Bismarck

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 2 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom, dies at 57
  • Dec 12 Marc Isambard Brunel, French-born English engineer (Thames Tunnel, father of Isambard Kingdom Brunel), dies at 80
  • Dec 14 Conradin Kreutzer, German composer, dies at 69