On This Day

What Happened in July 1849

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 Giuseppe Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Jul 3 The French enter Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power; proves a major obstacle to Italian unification
  • Jul 8 St Paul's Place in the Bronx named
  • Jul 20 Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield
  • Jul 28 Memmon is first clipper to reach San Francisco, 120 days out of NY
  • Jul 31 Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 John Selby, England Test cricket batsman (6 Tests), born in Nottingham, England (d. 1894)
  • Jul 2 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Queen of Bavaria, born in Brno, Austrian Empire (d. 1919)
  • Jul 5 William T. Stead, British newspaper editor (The Pall Mall Gazette - exposed child prostitution), born in Embleton, England (d. 1912)
  • Jul 12 William Osler, Canadian physician and author (circulatory system), born in Bond Head, Province of Canada (1919)
  • Jul 15 Moritz Heuzenroeder, German pianist and composer who settled in Australia, born in Ottersberg, Germany (d. 1897)
  • Jul 19 François Victor Alphonse Aulard, French historian, born in Montbron, France (d. 1928)
  • Jul 19 Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic, born in Toulon, Var, France (d. 1906)
  • Jul 20 Robert Anderson Van Wyck, Mayor of New York City (d. 1918)

Person of interestEmma Lazarus

Jul 22 Emma Lazarus, Americn poet ("New Colossus" - on the base of Statue of Liberty), born in NYC, New York

  • Jul 23 Geza Zichy, Hungarian composer and one-armed pianist, born at Sztára Castle (d. 1924)
  • Jul 27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), born in Manchester (d. 1898)
  • Jul 29 Max Nordau, Austrian author and Zionist leader (d. 1923)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 26 Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott (28) weds Mary Bethune at bride's parents home

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 12 Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
  • Jul 28 Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831-49), dies at 50
  • Jul 30 Jacob Perkins, American inventor, dies at 83
  • Jul 31 Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet (A virágnak megtiltani nem lehet - You Cannot Forbid the Flower), and revolutionary, last seen alive at the Battle of Segesvár (Transylvania), presumed killed in action at 26