What Happened in March 1849

Historical Events

  • Mar 3 Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
  • Mar 3 Territory of Minnesota organizes
  • Mar 3 US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress
  • Mar 4 US possibly had no president, Polk's term ends on a Sunday, Taylor couldn't be sworn-in, Senator David Atchison (pres pro tem) may technically have assumed the office

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US President

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Mar 9 Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor" premieres

InventionHistoric Invention

Mar 10 Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (only US President to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Mar 12 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to California
  • Mar 23 Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)
  • Mar 27 Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill
  • Mar 29 Great Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
  • Mar 31 Colonel John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of San Francisco

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 2 Robert Means Thompson, U.S. Naval Officer (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3 Jacques Oppenheim, Dutch lawyer

Person of interestLuther Burbank

Mar 7 Luther Burbank, American horticulturist who developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, born in Lancaster, Massachusetts (d. 1926)

Horticulturist Luther Burbank
Luther Burbank
  • Mar 16 James E Smith, became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger
  • Mar 19 Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)
  • Mar 26 Edwin Evans, Australian cricket spin bowler (6 Tests), born in Emu Plains, New South Wales (d. 1921)
  • Mar 28 James Darmesteter, French author and antiquarian (translations of the Avesta, the sacred scripture of Zoroastrianism), born in Ch√Ęteau-Salins, France (d. 1894)

Famous Divorces

  • Mar 28 Dutch princess Marianne & Prince Albert of Prussia separate

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 5 David Scott, Scottish painter (b. 1806)
  • Mar 15 Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti, Italian cardinal and linguist (b. 1774)
  • Mar 17 William II, King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and Duke of Limburg, dies at 56
  • Mar 27 Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford (b. 1776)
  • Mar 28 Stephan L Endlicher, Austrian priest/botany, dies at 44