On This Day

What Happened in July 1850

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 At least 626 ships lie at anchor around San Francisco Bay
  • Jul 2 Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • Jul 7 Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, Western Australia

Historic Event

Jul 10 Millard Fillmore sworn in as President of US (replacing Taylor)

  • Jul 12 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • Jul 14 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration by Florida physician John Gorrie
  • Jul 15 John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • Jul 17 Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • Jul 19 Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • Jul 23 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K. Hall of NY takes office
  • Jul 25 Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 3 Alfredo Keil, Portuguese composer, born in Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1907)
  • Jul 4 Ole Olsen, Norwegian composer, organist, and military bandleader, born in Hammerfest, Finnmark, Norway (d. 1927)
  • Jul 11 Annie Armstrong, American missionary leader, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1938)
  • Jul 12 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist, born in Stendal, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 1912)
  • Jul 15 Francesca Xavier Cabrini [Mother Cabrini], 1st US saint
  • Jul 18 Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (Curfew Must Not Ring) and writer, born in Mishawaka, Indiana, Kansas (d. 1939)

Famous Weddings

Stephen Foster

Jul 22 American composer Stephen Foster (24) weds Jane Denny McDowell (20) at Trinity Episcopal Church in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Famous Deaths

Robert Peel

Jul 2 Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British Prime Minister (Tory/Conservative/Peelite: 1834-35; 1841-46), founder of the British Conservative Party and the modern police force (Bobbies), dies after falling from a horse at 62

  • Jul 4 William Kirby, English entomologist and original member of the Linnean Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society, dies at 90
  • Jul 8 Prince Adolphus, British fieldmarshall1st Duke of Cambridge, 7th son of George III (b. 1774)
  • Jul 9 Bab [Shirazi, Sayyid Ali Muhammad], Persian founder of Babism, executed by firing squad on orders of the Persian government at 30

Zachary Taylor

Jul 9 Zachary Taylor, 12th US President (1849-50) and major general in the Mexican–American War, dies in the White House of an unknown digestive ailment at 65 after reportedly consuming copious amounts of raw fruit and iced milk

  • Jul 12 Robert Stevenson, Scottish civil engineer (Bell Rock Lighthouse, Scotland), dies at 78
  • Jul 14 August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • Jul 19 Giovanni Ossoli, Italian marquis/revolutionary, drowned
  • Jul 19 Margaret Fuller [Ossoli], American feminist, activist and journalist (Women in the Nineteenth Century), dies in a shipwreck at 40
  • Jul 28 Stefano Pavesi, Italian composer, dies at 71