On This Day

What Happened in March 1850

Historical Events

  • Mar 5 The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened
  • Mar 11 Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania opens, 2nd female medical school in the US
  • Mar 12 1st US $20 gold piece issued

Historic Publication

Mar 16 Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter" published by Ticknor, Reed and Fields in Boston

  • Mar 18 Henry Wells & William Fargo form American Express in Buffalo
  • Mar 29 SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die
  • Mar 31 US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 5 Daniel Brink Towner, American hymn composer (d. 1919)

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

Mar 7 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

  • Mar 7 Champ Clark, American politician, US Speaker of the House (1911-19), born in Lawrenceburg, Kentucky (d. 1921)
  • Mar 9 Alexandre Luigini, French composer (Ballet égyptien), born in Lyon, France (d. 1906)
  • Mar 10 Mary Mills Patrick, American author and 1st President of Istanbul Woman's College, born in Canterbury, New Hampshire (d. 1940)
  • Mar 10 Spencer Gore, British tennis player (1st Wimbledon winner 1877), born in Wimbledon, England (d. 1906)
  • Mar 13 Emilio Serrano y Ruiz, Spanish composer, born in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain (d. 1939)
  • Mar 24 Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
  • Mar 26 Edward Bellamy, American author (Looking Backward) and socialist, born in Chicopee, Massachusetts (d. 1898)

Famous Weddings

  • Mar 14 French writer and playwright Honoré de Balzac marries Ewelina Hańska in Berdyczów, Ukraine

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 3 Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (Later Day Saint apostle), dies at 43
  • Mar 19 Adalbert Gyrowetz [Vojtěch Jírovec], Bohemian composer (Robert oder die Prüfung), dies at 87 [1]
  • Mar 21 Miguel Pedrorena, American settler
  • Mar 26 Samuel Turell Armstrong, American politician and acting Governor of Massachusetts (1833- 36), dies at 65
  • Mar 27 Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • Mar 28 Gerard C. Brandon, American politician (b. 1788)