On This Day

What Happened in March 1851

Historical Events

  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)

Theater Premiere

Mar 6 Dion Boucicault's play "Love in a Maze" premieres in London

  • Mar 7 Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends

Music Premiere

Mar 11 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Rigoletto" premieres in Venice

  • Mar 25 Yosemite Valley discovery made public by Major James D. Savage and Captain John Boling after being shown by Indian guides in California

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 3 Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (d. 1911)
  • Mar 15 Józef Surzyński, Polish organist, composer, conductor, and theologian, born in Śrem, Poland (d, 1919)
  • Mar 16 Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (1st to coin the name virus), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • Mar 19 Roque Saenz Pena, President of Argentina (1910-14)
  • Mar 19 William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)
  • Mar 27 Ruperto Chapi, Spanish composer, born in Villena, Spain (d. 1909)

Vincent d'Indy

Mar 27 Vincent d'Indy, French composer (Symphony on a French Mountain Air), and teacher, born in Paris (d. 1931)

  • Mar 28 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (1915–17, 1925–26), born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 1944)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 4 Michael Henkel, German composer and organist, dies at 70
  • Mar 4 James Richardson, British explorer (Sahara Desert), dies of an illness near Lake Chad at 41
  • Mar 6 Alexander Aliabiev, Russian composer remembered as one of the fathers of Russian art song, dies at 63
  • Mar 11 George McDuffie, Governor of South Carolina (b. 1790)