On This Day

What Happened in April 1852

Historical Events

  • Apr 19 California Historical Society forms

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Apr 29 1st edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus published in Great Britain

Lexicographer and Inventor Peter Mark Roget
Lexicographer and Inventor
Peter Mark Roget
  • Apr 30 Anton Rubinstein's opera "Dmitri Donskoi" premieres in St Petersburg

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Edward Austin Abbey, American painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
  • Apr 12 Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (Proving π ["pi"] is a transcendental number), born in Hanover, German Confederation (now Germany) (d. 1939)
  • Apr 13 Frank W. Woolworth, American businessman, founder of F. W. Woolworth Co, born in Rodman, New York (d. 1919)
  • Apr 14 Henrique Oswald, Brazilian composer, born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 1931)
  • Apr 17 Cap Anson, American Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman and manager (NL batting champion 1881, 88; 8 × NL RBI leader; Chicago White Stockings / Colts), born in Marshalltown, Iowa (d. 1922)
  • Apr 18 George Clausen, English painter, born in London (d. 1944)
  • Apr 22 Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1905-12), born in Biebrich Palace, Wiesbaden, Duchy of Nassau (d. 1912)
  • Apr 23 Edwin Markham, American poet (1st winner of American Acad of Poets Award 1937), born in Oregon City, Oregon (d. 1940)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 2 Theodor Althaus, writer, dies
  • Apr 9 John Howard Payne, American actor, playwright (Fair Warning), author and creator of the hit song "Home! Sweet Home!", dies at 60
  • Apr 19 Vasili A Zjukovski, Russian folk poet/translator (Homerus), dies at 69
  • Apr 21 Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (b. 1787)
  • Apr 24 Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (b. 1783)