On This Day

What Happened in May 1852

Historical Events

  • May 1 The Philippine peso is introduced into circulation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm publish the first part of their German Dictionary (fully completed 1961)

  • May 8 Second London protocol signed reaffirming Danish federation control of independent Duchies of Holstein, Lauenburg and Schleswig
  • May 18 Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school

Famous Birthdays

  • May 1 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), born in Petilla de Aragón, Navarre, Spain (d. 1934)

Person of interestCalamity Jane

May 1 Calamity Jane [Martha Jane Canary], American frontierswoman, born in Princeton, Missouri (d. 1903)

Frontierswoman Calamity Jane
Frontierswoman
Calamity Jane
  • May 4 Alice Liddell, English schoolgirl model for Alice in Wonderland, born in London (d. 1934)
  • May 11 Charles Warren Fairbanks, (R) 26th US VP (1905-09)
  • May 18 Gertrude Käsebier, pioneering American photgrapher, born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • May 22 Émile Sauret, French violinist and composer, born in Dun-le-Roi, France (d. 1920)
  • May 24 Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Scottish politician, born in London (d. 1936)
  • May 25 William Muldoon, American wrestler and owner of NY health institute "The Olympia", born in Caneadea, Allegany County, New York (d. 1933)
  • May 27 Billy Barnes, English cricketer (England all-rounder 1880-90), born in Sutton-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire (d. 1899)
  • May 29 Heinrich Kàan-Albest, Bohemian pianist and composer, born in Ternopil, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)
  • May 31 Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1919)

Famous Deaths

  • May 6 Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens, Belgian composer, dies at 75
  • May 12 John Richardson, Canadian writer (War of 1812), dies at 55
  • May 15 Louisa Adams, US First Lady (1825-29), dies at 77