What Happened in October 1852

Historical Events

Historic Expedition

Oct 1 Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America

  • Oct 11 The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
  • Oct 16 Dutch government recognize Catholics right to organize

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 William Ramsay, Scottish chemist who discovered noble gases (Nobel 1904), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1916)

Emil Fischer

Oct 9 [Hermann] Emil Fischer, German chemist, discovered Fischer esterification (Nobel Prize 1902), born in Euskirchen, Rhine Province (d. 1919)

  • Oct 15 Wilhelm Posse, German composer, born in Bromberg, Province of Posen (now Poland) (d. 1925)
  • Oct 23 Jean-Louis Forain, French impressionist etcher and lithographer, born in Reims, France (d. 1931)
  • Oct 31 Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman, American writer (Revolt of Mother), born in Randolph, Massachusetts (d. 1930)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 11 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), dies at 29
  • Oct 13 John Stephens, American explorer and archaeologist (pivotal figure in the rediscovery of Maya civilization throughout Middle America), dies at 46
  • Oct 15 Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, German educator and founder of the turnverein (gymnastics) movement, dies at 74
  • Oct 22 Hans Christoph Ernst von Gagern, German political writer and advisor to Dutch king, dies at 86

Daniel Webster

Oct 24 Daniel Webster, US Secretary of State (1841-43, 1850-52), politician and lawyer, dies at 70

  • Oct 28 Gerhard Moritz Roentgen, Dutch industrialist (founder of Fijenoord dockyard), dies at 57