What Happened in April 1853

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 Cincinnati becomes 1st US city to employ fulltime professional firefighters

Historic Event

Apr 7 Queen Victoria asks John Snow to administer chloroform during the delivery of her eighth child, Leopold, leads to wider acceptance of obstetrical anesthesia

  • Apr 11 Steamboat ferry 'Jenny Lind' boiler explosion kills at least 31 passengers in San Francisco Bay, California
  • Apr 15 Protestant church questions king Willem III RC bishops
  • Apr 16 1st passenger railway opens in India, from Bori Bunder (Bombay) to Thane (34 km)
  • Apr 17 Johan Rudolf Thorbecke's government in the Netherlands resigns
  • Apr 17 US Marine Hospital at Presidio, San Francisco forms
  • Apr 19 Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • Apr 26 Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
  • Apr 29 Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 4 Tad Lincoln, youngest son of U.S. president Abraham Lincoln, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1871)
  • Apr 5 Alfonso Rendano, Italian composer, born in Consenza, Italy (d. 1931)
  • Apr 21 Charles Malherbe, French violinist and composer, born in Paris (d. 1911)
  • Apr 22 Alphonse Bertillon, French police officer and anthropologist (devised crime ID system), born in Paris (d. 1914)
  • Apr 23 Winthrop M. Crane, American politician, 40th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Dalton, Massachusetts (d. 1920)
  • Apr 27 Jules LemaĆ®tre, French critic and dramatist, born in Vennecy, Loiret, France (d. 1914)
  • Apr 30 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1912)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 8 Jan Willem Pieneman, Dutch historical painter (Battle at Waterloo), dies at 73
  • Apr 11 Louis-Emmanuel Jadin, French pianist, music director, and composer, dies at 84
  • Apr 13 James Iredell, Jr., American politician, dies at 64
  • Apr 13 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (Gmelin's test), dies at 64
  • Apr 15 Johann Leopold Fuchs, German composer, dies at 67
  • Apr 18 William R. King, American politician (Vice President 1853), dies at 67 one month after his inauguration
  • Apr 23 Auguste Laurent, French chemist who laid the foundations of organic chemistry, dies of tuberculosis at 45
  • Apr 28 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, dies at 79