On This Day

What Happened in August 1853

Historical Events

  • Aug 8 Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki, Japan
  • Aug 24 1st potato chips prepared by chef George Crum at Moon's Lake House, near Saratoga Springs, New York (popular legend says he invented though earlier recipes exist)

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 12 Jean Louis Nicodé, Prussian pianist and composer (Das Meer; Gloria!), born in Jeżyce (now Poznań), Poland (d. 1919)
  • Aug 19 Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general most noted for the development of new offensive tactics used in the 1916 Brusilov Offensive, born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • Aug 28 Vladimir Shukhov, Russian engineer and inventor, born in Grayvoron, Russia (d. 1939)

Famous Weddings

Stonewall Jackson

Aug 4 Confederate general Thomas Jackson (29) weds Elinor Junkin in Lexington

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 6 Josif Josifovich Genishta, Russian composer, dies at 57
  • Aug 15 Giovanni Battista Polledro, Italian composer, dies at 72
  • Aug 18 Peter Lichtenthal, composer, dies at 73
  • Aug 23 Alexander Calder, first mayor of Beaumont, Texas (b. 1806)

Charles Napier

Aug 29 Charles Napier, British soldier and Major General of the Bombay Army who conquered Sindh and became its Governor (1843-47), dies at 71