What Happened in July 1853

Historical Events

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 6 National Black convention meets in Rochester NY, ex-slave Frederick Douglass attends

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Jul 6 William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel", 1st novel by an African American

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8 Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • Jul 9 Admiral Perry and US Navy visit Japan
  • Jul 14 Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 US President Franklin Pierce opens World Fair - Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Jul 14 New Zealand holds its first general election
  • Jul 18 Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal
  • Jul 25 Joaquin Murrieta, the famous Californian bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed by California Rangers

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestCecil Rhodes

Jul 5 Cecil Rhodes, British businessman, diamond merchant and imperialist politician who was Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (1890-96), born in Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1902)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • Jul 7 Albert Vandal, French earl/historian (Le Pacha Bonneval)
  • Jul 17 Francesco Fanciulli, American-Italian composer, born in Porto Santo Stefano, Tuscany (d. 1915)
  • Jul 18 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Dutch physicist (electromagnetic radiation, Nobel 1902), born in Arnherm, Netherlands (d.1928)
  • Jul 20 Geo[rge] Poggenbeek, Dutch water colors painter
  • Jul 22 Victor Roger, composer
  • Jul 23 William Gillette, American actor, playwright and manager (Sherlock Holmes on stage), born in Hartford, Connecticut, (d. 1937)
  • Jul 27 Vladimir Korolenko, Russian writer (The Blind Musician), born in Zhitomir, Volhynian Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • Jul 29 Esther de Boer-van Rijk, Dutch actress (Kniertje-Hope of Blessing), born in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • Jul 29 Henry Morton Dunham, composer

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 23 Andries Pretorius, Boer leader (b. 1798)
  • Jul 25 Joaquin Murieta, Mexican born Californian outlaw