On This Day

What Happened in March 1853

Historical Events

  • Mar 2 Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Territory
  • Mar 2 15th Grand National: Tom Oliver aboard Peter Simple wins his third GN Steeplechase and the stallion's second; oldest horse to win event at 15
  • Mar 3 Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3 US Assay Office in NYC authorized
  • Mar 4 Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
  • Mar 4 William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP

Historic InventionSteinway & Sons Piano

Mar 5 Piano company Steinway & Sons founded by Heinrich Steinweg (later Henry Steinway) in New York City
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Steinway Piano Advertisement circa 1866
Steinway Piano Advertisement circa 1866

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 6 Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata" premieres in Venice

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Composer
Giuseppe Verdi

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Mar 24 Anti-slavery newspaper "The Provincial Freeman" first published in Windsor, Ontario, edited by Samuel Ringgold Ward and Mary Ann Shadd Cary, first black woman publisher in North America

Suffragist and Publisher Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Suffragist and Publisher
Mary Ann Shadd Cary

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 5 Arthur Foote, American classical composer, and a member of the "Boston Six" (Suite for Strings in E), born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1937)
  • Mar 5 Howard Pyle, illustrator/painter/author (King Stork)
  • Mar 8 Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvels, Flemish composer (Parisina), born in Antwerp (d. 1916)
  • Mar 14 Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter, born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1918)
  • Mar 20 George Godfrey, heavyweight boxer (Old Chocolate), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts
  • Mar 28 Rudolf Kittel, German theologist (Psalms), born in Eningen, W├╝rttemberg, Germany (d. 1929)

Person of interestVincent van Gogh

Mar 30 Vincent van Gogh, Dutch artist, painter and pioneer of Expressionism (The Potato Eaters, Irises), born in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands (d. 1890)


Famous Deaths

  • Mar 4 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist and paleontologist, dies at 78
  • Mar 5 August Kestner, German art collector and diplomat, dies at 75
  • Mar 8 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), dies at 62