What Happened in March 1853

Historical Events

  • Mar 2 15th Grand National: Tom Oliver aboard Peter Simple wins his third GN Steeplechase and the stallion's second; oldest horse to win event at 15
  • Mar 2 Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Territory
  • Mar 3 Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3 US Assay Office in NYC authorized
  • Mar 4 Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
  • Mar 4 William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US vice-president

Steinway & Sons Piano

Mar 5 Piano company Steinway & Sons founded by Heinrich Steinweg (later Henry Steinway) in New York City

Music Premiere

Mar 6 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "La Traviata" premieres at Teatro La Fenice in Venice, Italy

Historic Publication

Mar 24 Anti-slavery newspaper "The Provincial Freeman" first published in Windsor, Ontario, edited by Samuel Ringgold Ward and Mary Ann Shadd Cary, first black woman publisher in North America


Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 5 Arthur Foote, American classical composer, and a member of the "Boston Six" (Suite for Strings in E), born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1937)
  • Mar 5 Howard Pyle, illustrator/painter/author (King Stork)
  • Mar 8 Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvels, Flemish composer (Parisina), born in Antwerp (d. 1916)
  • Mar 14 Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter, born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1918)
  • Mar 20 George Godfrey, heavyweight boxer (Old Chocolate), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts
  • Mar 28 Rudolf Kittel, German theologist (Psalms), born in Eningen, W├╝rttemberg, Germany (d. 1929)

Vincent van Gogh

Mar 30 Vincent van Gogh, Dutch artist, painter and pioneer of Expressionism (The Potato Eaters, Irises), born in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands (d. 1890)


Famous Deaths

  • Mar 4 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist and paleontologist, dies at 78
  • Mar 5 August Kestner, German art collector and diplomat, dies at 75
  • Mar 8 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), dies at 62