What Happened in April 1854

Historical Events

Historic Publication

Apr 1 "Hard Times" begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, "Household Words"

Music Premiere

Apr 16 Franz Liszt's symphonic poem "Mazeppa" premieres at the Court Theatre in Weimar

  • Apr 16 San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
  • Apr 16 Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach, NY, 311 die
  • Apr 29 Ashmun Institute (later Lincoln University), in Hinsonville, Pennsylvania, receives its charter from Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, making it the 1st degree-granting Black college in US

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
  • Apr 5 Vicente Goicoechea Errasti, Basque composer, born in Ibarra, Álava (d. 1916)
  • Apr 9 Seaborn McDaniel Denson, American composer, born in Cleburne County, Alabama (d. 1936)
  • Apr 11 Hugh Massie, Australian cricket batsman and captain (9 Tests; NSW), born in Port Fairy, Australia (d. 1938)
  • Apr 13 Richard T. Ely, American economist and author (Hard Times), born in Ripley, New York (d. 1943)
  • Apr 21 Eusapia Palladino, Italian spiritual medium, born in Minervino Murge, Apulia (d. 1918)
  • Apr 21 William Stang, German Roman Catholic Bishop, born in Bad Schönborn, Germany (d. 1907)
  • Apr 21 Władysław Rzepko, Polish composer, born in Piórków, Poland (d. 1932)
  • Apr 22 Henri La Fontaine, Belgian international lawyer (1st Socialist to win Nobel Peace Prize 1913), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1943)
  • Apr 29 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (Poincaré conjecture), born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1912)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 6 William Strickland, US architect, dies
  • Apr 11 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55
  • Apr 15 Arthur Aikin, English scientist & writer (b. 1773)
  • Apr 17 Gottlob Wiedebein, German composer, dies at 74
  • Apr 18 Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner, Polish composer, dies at 84
  • Apr 19 Robert Jameson, Scottish naturalist (b. 1774)
  • Apr 22 Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician & soldier, dies at 67
  • Apr 29 Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English general, dies at 85