On This Day

What Happened in April 1854

Historical Events

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Apr 1 "Hard Times" begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, "Household Words"

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Apr 16 Franz Liszt's symphonic poem "Mazeppa" premieres at the Court Theatre in Weimar

Composer & Pianist Franz Liszt
Composer & Pianist
Franz Liszt
  • Apr 16 San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
  • Apr 16 Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach, NY, 311 die
  • Apr 29 Lincoln University, Pennsylvania, receives its charter from Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, making it the 1st degree-granting Black college in US

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
  • Apr 5 Vicente Goicoechea Errasti, Basque composer, born in Ibarra, Álava (d. 1916)
  • Apr 9 Seaborn McDaniel Denson, American composer, born in Cleburne County, Alabama (d. 1936)
  • Apr 11 Hugh Massie, Australian cricket batsman and captain (9 Tests; NSW), born in Port Fairy, Australia (d. 1938)
  • Apr 13 Richard T. Ely, American economist and author (Hard Times), born in Ripley, New York (d. 1943)
  • Apr 21 Eusapia Palladino, Italian spiritual medium, born in Minervino Murge, Apulia (d. 1918)
  • Apr 21 Władysław Rzepko, Polish composer, born in Piórków, Poland (d. 1932)
  • Apr 21 William Stang, German Roman Catholic Bishop, born in Bad Schönborn, Germany (d. 1907)
  • Apr 22 Henri La Fontaine, Belgian international lawyer (Nobel 1913), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1943)
  • Apr 29 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (Poincaré conjecture), born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1912)

Famous Weddings

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 24 Austria's Franz Joseph I marries Elisabeth A E "Sissi"

Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I
Austro-Hungarian Emperor
Franz Joseph I

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 6 William Strickland, US architect, dies
  • Apr 11 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55
  • Apr 15 Arthur Aikin, English scientist & writer (b. 1773)
  • Apr 17 Gottlob Wiedebein, German composer, dies at 74
  • Apr 18 Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner, Polish composer, dies at 84
  • Apr 19 Robert Jameson, Scottish naturalist (b. 1774)
  • Apr 22 Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician & soldier, dies at 67
  • Apr 29 Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English general, dies at 85