On This Day

What Happened in December 1854

Historical Events


AustraliaEureka Stockade

Dec 3 Eureka Stockade: In what is claimed by many to be the birth of Australian democracy, more than 20 goldminers at Ballarat, Victoria, are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences
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The battle at Eureka Stockade in Australia, crucial to developing democracy in the country
The battle at Eureka Stockade in Australia, crucial to developing democracy in the country
  • Dec 5 Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair
  • Dec 8 Pope Pius IX proclaims Immaculate Conception, makes Mary, free of Original Sin

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Dec 9 Alfred Tennyson's poem "Charge of the Light Brigade" is published in "The Examiner"

  • Dec 15 1st street-cleaning machine in US 1st used in Philadelphia
  • Dec 19 Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams
  • Dec 26 Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo
  • Dec 30 Pennsylvania Rock Oil Co, 1st in US, incorporated in NYC

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 9 P. J. Hannikainen, Finnish composer, born in Nurmes, Finland (d. 1924)
  • Dec 23 Henry B. Guppy, British botanist (d. 1926)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 9 Almeida Garrett, Portuguese writer (b. 1799)