On This Day

What Happened in February 1854

Historical Events

  • Feb 2 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians"
  • Feb 4 Alvan Bovay proposes name "Republican Party" in Ripon, Wisconsin
  • Feb 11 For the 1st time coal gas is used to light major streets in San Francisco

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 16 Franz Liszt's symphony "Orpheus" premieres

Composer & Pianist Franz Liszt
Composer & Pianist
Franz Liszt
  • Feb 17 Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • Feb 22 1st meeting of Republican Party (Michigan)
  • Feb 23 Great Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 27 German composer Robert Schumann saved from suicide attempt in Rhine River

Composer Robert Schumann
Composer
Robert Schumann
  • Feb 28 Republican Party formally organized in Ripon, Wisconsin

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 9 Aletta [Henriette] Jacobs, 1st Dutch female physician
  • Feb 9 Edward Carson, 1st Baron Carson, lawyer/leader (Irish Unionist Party)
  • Feb 16 Oscar Fetrás [Otto Faster], German composer (Mondnacht auf der Alster), born in Hamburg, German Confederation (d. 1931)
  • Feb 17 Friedrich A. Krupp, German steel and arms manufacturer (Krupp AG. - supplied the German Navy)
  • Feb 20 Louis van Westerhoven, Dutch actor, singer and opera director (Youth), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1912)
  • Feb 24 Franz Courtens, Flemish painter (Golden Rain)
  • Feb 28 Juliusz Zarebski, Polish composer, born in Zhytomyr, Polish Kingdom (d. 1885)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 4 Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz, composer, dies at 66
  • Feb 17 Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais, French Catholic priest and writer (L'avenir), dies at 71
  • Feb 17 John Martin, English painter and engraver, dies at 64