What Happened in July 1854

Historical Events

  • Jul 6 1st Republican state convention held in Jackson, Michigan
  • Jul 13 In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon
  • Jul 13 US forces shell and burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua

Historic Invention

Jul 25 Walter Hunt is awarded the first U.S. patent for a paper shirt collar

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 3 Leoš Janáček, Czech composer, born in Hukvaldy, Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1928)
  • Jul 4 Heinrich Zöllner, German composer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1941)
  • Jul 4 Victor Babeş, Romanian physician and bacteriologist, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)
  • Jul 10 James T. Kelley, Irish actor (The Rink, The Immigrant), born in Castlebar, Ireland (d. 1933)

George Eastman

Jul 12 George Eastman, American inventor (Kodak camera, founder of the Eastman Kodak Company), born in Waterville, New York (d. 1932)

  • Jul 14 Alexander Alexandrovich Kopylov, Russian imperial composer and violinist (d. 1911)
  • Jul 19 Daniel Josephus Jitta, Dutch High Court lawyer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1925)
  • Jul 29 Georg Kerschensteiner, German educator (Theory of Education)
  • Jul 31 Jose Canalejas, premier of Spain (1910-12), born in El Ferrol, Spain (d. 1912)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 4 Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist, dies at 72
  • Jul 13 José María Vargas, Venezuelan doctor, botanist and 2nd President of Venezuela (1835-36), dies at 68
  • Jul 15 Wincenty Studzinski, Polish violinist and composer, dies at 39
  • Jul 18 Abbas Hilmi I, viceroy of Egypt, dies at about 41
  • Jul 31 Samuel Wilson, American meat packer and possible namesake of Uncle Sam, dies at 87