On This Day

What Happened in November 1854

Historical Events

  • Nov 2 Cobblestone paving of Washington St between Dupont and Kearny starts
  • Nov 4 Lighthouse built on Alcatraz Island
  • Nov 5 Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 at Inkerman
  • Nov 13 "New Era" sinks off New Jersey coast with loss of 300
  • Nov 15 In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession.
  • Nov 28 Dutch army stops Chinese uprising in Borneo

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 3 Jokichi Takamine, Japanese-American biochemist who isolated adrenaline (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources, born in Takaoka, Toyama, Japan (d. 1922)
  • Nov 5 Paul Sabatier, French chemist (Nobel 1912 - improving the hydrogenation of organic species in the presence of metals), born in Carcassonne, France (d. 1941)
  • Nov 5 Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins, born in Lévis, Quebec (d. 1920)

Person of interestJohn Philip Sousa

Nov 6 John Philip Sousa, American march king (Stars & Stripes Forever), born in Washington, D.C.

  • Nov 8 Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (Rydberg formula), born in Halmstad, Sweden (d. 1919)
  • Nov 9 Joseph Miroslav Weber, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1906)
  • Nov 13 George Whitfield Chadwick, American composer (Judi Van Winke), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1931)
  • Nov 16 Jules van den Heuvel, Belgian lawyer and politician, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1926)
  • Nov 17 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17)
  • Nov 21 Benedict XV [Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa], Italian 258th Pope (1914-22), born in Genoa, Pegli, Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia (d. 1922)
  • Nov 27 Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, Austrian diplomat (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary 1906-12), born in Groß Skal, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1912)
  • Nov 28 Gottlieb Haberlandt, Austrian botanist, born in Mosonmagyaróvár (d. 1945)

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 5 Soimonov, Russian general, dies in battle of Inkermann
  • Nov 18 Edward Forbes, English Naturalist and pioneer in the field of biogeography, dies of an illness at 39
  • Nov 19 Alberich Zwyssig, composer, dies at 46
  • Nov 25 John Gibson Lockhart [Scorpion], Scottish biographer (Life of Walter Scott), dies at 60
  • Nov 26 Matthijs Siegenbeek, literature (Defeated German Spelling), dies