On This Day

What Happened in March 1855

Historical Events

  • Mar 2 Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
  • Mar 3 US Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes registered mail
  • Mar 6 Gustave Flaubert writes goodbye to the poet Louise Colet
  • Mar 7 17th Grand National: John Hanlon wins aboard Irish horse Wanderer at 25/1
  • Mar 8 1st train crosses 1st US railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls

Historic Event

Mar 11 Bowery Boys gang leader William Poole aka "Bill the Butcher" is buried in Brooklyn with 155 carriages and 6,000 mourners

  • Mar 15 Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
  • Mar 24 Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston Kansas

Historic Invention

Mar 27 Canadian geologist Abraham Gesner patents kerosene


Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Paul Hines, American MLB outfielder (Triple Crown 1878, Providence Grays), born in Virginia (d. 1935)
  • Mar 12 John White, American composer (d. 1902)
  • Mar 13 Percival "Percy" Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1916)

Andrew Mellon

Mar 24 Andrew Mellon, American banker (Mellon Bank), industrialist and Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)

  • Mar 24 Olive Schreiner, South African writer (Portrait of a South African Woman)
  • Mar 27 Alfred Ewing, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis), born in Dundee, Angus, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Mar 31 Alfred E. Hunt, founder of Alcoa (d. 1899)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 2 Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55), dies at 58

Bill the Butcher

Mar 8 William Poole, Infamous member of New York City's Bowery Boys gang, dies of a gunshot wound at 33

  • Mar 17 Ramon Carnicer y Batlle, Spanish composer, dies at 65
  • Mar 20 Joseph Aspdin, English mason and inventor (b. 1788)
  • Mar 29 Henri Druey, Swiss politician and a founding father of constitutional democracy in Switzerland, dies at 55