On This Day

What Happened in October 1855

Historical Events

  • Oct 9 American inventor Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
  • Oct 9 Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Massachusetts, patents first calliope (steam powered musical instrument)
  • Oct 17 Bessemer steelmaking process patented

Music Premiere

Oct 18 Franz Liszt's symphonic poem "Prometheus" premieres

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 8 Gustav Ehrismann, German author and expert on the German language, born in Pforzheim, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1941)
  • Oct 12 Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (Berlin Philharmonic), born in Mosonszentmiklós, Hungary (d. 1922)
  • Oct 12 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1926)
  • Oct 14 George Edwardes, British composer (Gaiety Girl), born in Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1915)
  • Oct 16 Camille Looten, Belgian priest/literature historian
  • Oct 16 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (d. 1931)
  • Oct 24 James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (1909-1912), born in Utica, New York (d. 1912)
  • Oct 28 Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, Russian botanist (more than 300 new types of fruit), born in Vershino estate, Russia (d. 1935)
  • Oct 29 Paul Bruchési, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Montreal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1939)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 6 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), dies at 75
  • Oct 13 Gottfried Rieger, Czech composer, dies at 91
  • Oct 25 Willem Frederik van Bylandt, Dutch military officer, dies at 84