What Happened in April 1856

Historical Events

  • Apr 3 Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes badly damaged by gunpowder explosion, kills 4,000 on island of Rhodes
  • Apr 10 The Theta Chi Fraternity is founded at Norwich University, Vermont
  • Apr 11 Battle of Rivas; Costa Rica beats William Walker's invading Nicaraguans
  • Apr 18 Russian Chancellor Count Nesselrode resigns

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician who identified the plague in Bombay, born in Apora, Portuguese India (d. 1933)
  • Apr 2 Tommy Bond, Irish baseball pitcher and right fielder (Triple Crown 1877; Boston Red Caps; first man born in Ireland to play MLB), born in Granard, Ireland (d. 1941)

Booker T. WashingtonBooker T. Washington (1856-1915)

Apr 5 American education pioneer and 1st African American on a US stamp, born in Hale's Ford, Virginia

  • Apr 11 Arthur Shrewsbury, English cricket batsman (23 Tests [7 captain]; 1277 runs @ 35 47; Nottinghamshire), born in New Lenton, England (d. 1903)
  • Apr 11 Constantly Lievens, Flemish missionary in India, born in Moorslede, Belgium (d. 1893)
  • Apr 12 William Conway, 1st Baron Conway of Allington, English historian and explorer (Spitzbergen), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1937)
  • Apr 14 Therese Zamara, Austrian harpist and music teacher, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1927)
  • Apr 22 [Marie] Louise Hens, Flemish actress (Two Orphans) (d. 1939)

Philippe PétainPhilippe Pétain (1856-1951)

Apr 24 French marshal and Chief of the French State (1940-44), born in Cauchy-à-la-Tour, France

  • Apr 26 Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (1906-12), born in Melbourne, Victoria Colony (d. 1930)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 11 Juan Santamaría, national hero of Costa Rica (b. 1831)