On This Day

What Happened in December 1856

Historical Events

  • Dec 9 The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 2 Robert Kajanus, Finnish conductor and composer, born in Helsingfors, Finland, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • Dec 7 Wilfred Flowers, English cricket all-rounder (8 Tests; Nottinghamshire CCC), born in Calverton, Nottinghamshire (d. 1926)
  • Dec 11 Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary theorist, born in Gudalovka, Russia (d. 1918)
  • Dec 13 Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, born in Umetić, Croatian Military Frontier, Austrian Empire (d. 1920)

J. J. Thomson

Dec 18 J. J. Thomson, English physicist who discovered the electron (Nobel 1906), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)

  • Dec 18 Graciano López Jaena, Filipino journalist (La Solidaridad), orator, social reformist, and national hero, born in Jaro, Captaincy General of the Philippines, Spanish Empire (d. 1896)

Frank Kellogg

Dec 22 Frank Kellogg, American politician and diplomat (US Secretary of State, 1925-29), tried to outlaw war (Kellogg–Briand Pact: Nobel Peace Prize, 1929), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1937)

  • Dec 25 Hans von Bartels, German painter (d. 1913)
  • Dec 25 James "Pud" Galvin, American Baseball HOF pitcher (MLB's first 300-game winner; no-hitters 1880, 84; Buffalo Bisons), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1902)
  • Dec 27 André Gedalge, French composer (le Petit Savoyard, Phoebé) and Mayor of Chessy, Seine-et-Marne, born in Paris, France (d. 1926)

Woodrow Wilson

Dec 28 Woodrow Wilson, 28th US President (Democrat: 1913-21) and 1919 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, born in Staunton City, Virginia (d. 1924)

  • Dec 29 Thomas J Stieltjes, Dutch mathematician (Stieltjes integral), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1894)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 20 Francesco Bentivegna, Italian revolutionary (b. 1820)