What Happened in January 1856

Historical Events

  • Jan 8 Dr John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, California
  • Jan 23 Steamer Pacific, leaves Liverpool on final voyage (later lost at sea, 186 on board)
  • Jan 25 Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers & Indians
  • Jan 29 Victoria Cross established to acknowledge valour in the face of the enemy (United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 6 Giuseppe Martucci, Italian composer, born in Capua, Italy (d. 1909)
  • Jan 9 Anton Askerc, Slavic priest/poet (Primoz Trubar)
  • Jan 9 Lizette Woodworth Reese, American poet (Branch of May, Tears)
  • Jan 9 Stevan Mokranjac [Stojanović], Serbian cellist, educator and composer of choral music (Garlands), born in Negotin, Principality of Serbia (d. 1914)
  • Jan 11 Christian Sinding, Norwegian composer (Rustle of Spring), born in Konsberg, Norway (d. 1941)
  • Jan 12 John Singer Sargent, American painter (Wyndham Sisters), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1925)
  • Jan 14 J. F. Archibald, Australian journalist & publisher, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1919)
  • Jan 18 John Hyatt Brewer, American composer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1931)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 5 Pierre J David [David d'Angers], French sculptor, dies at 67
  • Jan 6 Nicolas-Charles Bochsa, French harpist, composer, forger, and bigamist, dies at 66
  • Jan 11 Nikolai I Nadezjdin, Russian archaeologist, dies [NS=Jan 23]
  • Jan 12 Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician and author of Slovak language, dies at 40
  • Jan 16 Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (b. 1795)
  • Jan 17 Thomas Attwood Walmisley, English organist, composer and educator (Cathedral Music), dies at 41
  • Jan 24 Rabbi Yechezkel of Kuzmir, Polish Hasidic leader (b. 1775)
  • Jan 31 Khedrup Gyatso, 11th Dalai Lama of Tibet, dies at 17