What Happened in October 1856

Historical Events

  • Oct 7 Cyrus Chambers Jr patents folding machine that folds book & newspapers
  • Oct 8 The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River
  • Oct 19 James Kelly and Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne
  • Oct 20 Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens
  • Oct 24 Constitution of South Australia adopted

Film & TV History

Oct 28 French Magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin performs for Algerian Marabouts in Algeria to convince them that French magic is the stronger


Famous Birthdays

Timothy Thomas Fortune

Oct 3 Timothy Thomas Fortune, American orator, civil rights leader, writer and publisher (New York Age), born in Marianna, Florida (d. 1928)

  • Oct 9 Sylvain Dupuis, Belgian conductor, composer, and music educator (Le Chant de la Création), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1931)
  • Oct 15 Robert Nivelle, French military officer, born in Tulle, France (d. 1924)
  • Oct 25 Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (discovery and descriptions of the Neandertal remains from the Huŝnjakova rock shelter at Krapina in northwestern Croatia), born in Zagreb, Croatia (d. 1936)
  • Oct 28 Franz Xavier Arens, American composer, born in Neef, Germany (d. 1932)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 10 Mikhail Vielgorsky, Russian composer, dies at 67
  • Oct 19 William Sprague III, American politician (U.S. Senator from Rhode Island 1842-44)), dies at 56
  • Oct 23 Alexander Ross, Canadian fur trader, dies at 73
  • Oct 29 Carel Sirardus Willem van Hogendorp, Dutch colonial director, dies at 68