On This Day

What Happened in 1857

Historical Events

  • Jan 24 University of Calcutta founded as the first full-fledged university in South Asia
  • Mar 3 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China

1857 in Sport

  • Jan 22 National Association of Baseball Players founded in New York
  • Oct 24 Recognised by FIFA as oldest existing club still playing football in the world, Sheffield FC is founded in Yorkshire, England; now based in Dronfield, Derbyshire

Did You Know?

James Gibbs of Virginia, patents the chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine

On June 2, 1857

Would You Believe?

Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah

On September 11, 1857

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 10 Novelist Jules Verne (28) weds Honorine de Viane Morel
  • Jun 6 Sophia of Nassau marries the future King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway
  • Jul 16 Confederate general Thomas Jackson (33) weds Mary Anna Morrison in Lincoln County

More Weddings & Divorces

Famous People Who Died in 1857

  • Jan 20 Edward Francis Fitzwilliam, English composer, dies at 32
  • Jan 27 Dorothea von Benckendorff, Baltic monarch of Lieven, dies at 72
  • Feb 7 Félix de Merode, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister of War and Finance, dies at 65
  • Feb 9 Dionysios Solomos, Greek poet of the Greek national anthem, dies at 58
  • Feb 10 David Thompson, English-Canadian explorer (Columbia River), dies at 86

More Famous Deaths