What Happened in 1857

Significant Events

  • Jan 24 University of Calcutta founded as the first full-fledged university in South Asia
  • Mar 3 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China
  • Mar 6 Dred Scott Decision: US Supreme Court rules Africans cannot be US citizens
  • May 10 Indian Mutiny against rule by the British East India Company begins with the revolt of the Sepoy soldiers in Meerut
  • Jun 26 The first 62 recipients are awarded the Victoria Cross for valour in the Crimean war by Queen Victoria
More Historical Events

1857 in Sport

  • Jan 22 National Association of Baseball Players founded in New York
  • Oct 24 World's first soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in Yorkshire, England

Did You Know?

James Gibbs of Virginia, patents the chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine

On June 2, 1857

World Leaders in 1857

Famous People in 1857

Would You Believe?

Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah

On September 11, 1857

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 10 Novelist Jules Verne (28) weds Honorine de Viane Morel
  • Jun 6 Sophia of Nassau marries the future King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway
  • Jul 16 Confederate general Thomas Jackson (33) weds Mary Anna Morrison in Lincoln County
  • Jul 27 Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I (25) weds princess Charlotte of Belgium (17) in Brussels
  • Dec 30 Confederate army cavalry battalion commander John S. Mosby (24) weds Pauline Clarke in Nashville

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 20 Edward Francis Fitzwilliam, English composer, dies at 32
  • Jan 27 Dorothea von Benckendorff, Baltic monarch of Lieven, dies at 72
  • Feb 7 FĂ©lix de Merode, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister of War, dies at 65
  • Feb 9 Dionysios Solomos, Greek poet of the Greek national anthem (b. 1798)
  • Feb 10 David Thompson, Canadian explorer (b. 1770)
More Famous Deaths