On This Day

What Happened in July 1857

Historical Events

  • Jul 16 Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
  • Jul 18 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Roger Connor, American Baseball Hall of Fame 1st baseman (career HR record 138 stood for 23 years), born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1931)
  • Jul 2 Francesco Spetrino, Italian conductor and composer, born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1948)
  • Jul 5 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, born in Wiederau, Saxony (d. 1933)
  • Jul 8 Rudolf Dellinger, German Bohemian composer, born in Graslitz, (d. 1910)
  • Jul 8 Alfred Binet, French child psychologist who invented the first practical IQ test (Binet–Simon test), born in Nice, France (d. 1911)
  • Jul 9 Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden (1907-18), born in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden (d. 1928)
  • Jul 14 Frederick Louis Maytag, American businessman, head of Maytag, born in Elgin, Illinois (d. 1937)
  • Jul 21 A S C Wallis [Adele SC von Antal-Opzoomer], Dutch writer
  • Jul 24 Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer (Promised Country, Nobel 1917), born in Fredericia, Denmark (d. 1943)
  • Jul 25 Frank Sprague, American inventor who installed the first U.S. electric trolley system in Richmond, Virgina, born in Milford, Connecticut (d. 1934)
  • Jul 27 E. A. Wallis Budge, English orientalist and museum curator (British Museum), born in Bodmin, Cornwall, England (d. 1934)
  • Jul 27 José Celso Barbosa, Puerto Rican physician, sociologist and political leader, born in Bayamón, Puerto Rico (d. 1921)
  • Jul 28 Ballington Booth, British-born American officer in The Salvation Army and co-founder of Volunteers of America, born in Brighouse, England (d. 1940)
  • Jul 29 Iacob Mureșianu, Romanian composer, born in Brașov, Austrian Empire (d. 1917)
  • Jul 30 Thorstein Veblen, American economist (Theory of the Leisure Class-1899), born in Cato, Wisconsin (d. 1929)

Famous Weddings

Stonewall Jackson

Jul 16 Confederate general Thomas Jackson (33) weds Mary Anna Morrison in Lincoln County

Maximilian I

Jul 27 Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I (25) weds princess Charlotte of Belgium (17) in Brussels


Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Carlo Pisacane, Italian patriot and revolutionary, killed leading an uprising (b. 1818)
  • Jul 4 William L. Marcy, American statesman, dies at 70
  • Jul 15 Carl Czerny, Czech-Austrian pianist, composer (Schule der Virtuosen), and teacher, dies at 66
  • Jul 16 Pierre-Jean de Baranger, poet, dies
  • Jul 19 Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1796)
  • Jul 25 Joseph Napoleon Ney, French politician, dies at 54
  • Jul 29 Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French prince of Canino and Musignano, dies at 54
  • Jul 29 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (b. 1774)